Typhoid is a food and water-borne infection caused by the salmonella bacteria. Symptoms include fever, diarrhoea or constipation, abdominal tenderness, enlarged spleen and a rose coloured macular eruption (rash) confined to the trunk.
Risk of infection exists in much of Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and the Pacific Islands. There is a 10-20% fatality rate in untreated cases. The risk of infection is greater where standards of sanitation and hygiene are low, so lifestyle while travelling and length of stay are issues of concern. However, 5 star Hotels are not guaranteed to be safe.
Awareness of your own hygiene and precautions concerning food and drinking water will reduce your risk of contact with this and other food and water-borne diseases, such as Hepatitis A and Cholera.